Biological Control Efforts of Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solm) on Kainji Lake, Nigeria

Adesina, G.O.


Biological control of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solm) was monitored on Kainji Lake between 1995 and 1999. The two most important host specific natural enemies of water hyacinth (Neochetina eichhorniae and N. bruchi) were used and impacts of the weevils on water hyacinth were monitored on tri-monthly basis. The manual control initiated by the National Institute for Freshwater Fisheries Research (NIFFR) encouraged the fishermen to physically remove water hyacinth from their shores and open water. The lake hydrology, most especially during the drawdown period when the water volume is reduced tremendously, allows water hyacinth plants to be stranded by the bank of the lake thereby leading to massive destruction of the weed population and consequently the weevils population stability. The floristic composition of macrophyte intimately mixed with the water hyacinth was also monitored during the low and high water regimes. Among the prominent plant species found with water hyacinth included Echinochloa stagnina, Mimosa pigra, Polygonium senegalensis Polygonium lanigarium. Sesbania dalzelli, and Vosia cuspidata were found competing with the much favoured Echinochloa spp which serves as forage to livestock around the lake; However, no incidence of weevil attack was observed on any of the vegetation mixed with water hyacinth.

Keywords: Biocontol, Kainji Lake, Water hyacinth, Weevils


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ISSN (Paper)2224-7181 ISSN (Online)2225-062X

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