Relationship of Cigarette Nicotine Dependence Level in Male Schizophrenic Patients and Their Parents

Herny Taruli Tambunan, Elmeida Effendy


Tobacco smoking is a major leading cause to prevented death, high prevalence of nicotine cigarette smoking has been found in many psychiatric disorders especially in schizophrenic patient that makes therapy for this disease become more complicated. Smoking behavior has multi factorial reinforcement in general population and schizophrenic patient. This is descriptive analytic study with cross sectional method using Fagestrom test for nicotine dependence (FTND) to measure level of nicotine dependence in 80 male schizophrenic patient and their parents. The result found correlation between high level of nicotine dependence within age group 25-29 and 35-39 years, low educated unemployment, and consistent level of cigarette nicotine dependence among patients with their father. The strength of this relationship has a weak degree with r = 0.452, that indicates there is a certain of people that is susceptible to the development of nicotine dependence and state of schizophrenic disorders.

Keywords: schizophrenic, father, cigarette nicotine dependence

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ISSN (Paper)2224-7181 ISSN (Online)2225-062X

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