Analysis of Heavy Metals in Selected Cigarettes and Syrupy Tobacco (Mu'assel) Brands Smoking in Baghdad Market Iraq

Faliah Hassan Ali Al-Jeboori, Khalil Ibraheem Hussain, Azhar Sadiq Hammode, Duraid Eesa Znad


Smoking related diseases can be attributed to the inhalation of many different toxins including heavy metals which have a host of detrimental health effects. The current study reports the levels of cadmium (Cd) , Nickel (Ni), cupper(Cu), Iron(Fe), Zinc(Zn) and lead(Pb) in cigarettes and syrupy tobacco(Mu՝ assel)obtained from Baghdad – Iraq Markets.The mean concentrations of Cd,Ni,Cu,Fe,Zn and Pb were (26),(0.29),(0.42),(1000),(45.3)and (0.26) ppm  repectively .There were some differences in metal concentrations of cigarette brands producted by different manufacturers suggesting differences in the source of tobaccos used by different companies . For (Ni) , there were significant pairwis differences between Aspin and Al AMASE (Bountry) Mu՝ assel brands. For (Fe)AlAmase (Bountry)Brands had higher levels than Pine brands. Levels of (Cd) and (Pb) did not differ significantly across manufacturer group. Beacouse of the varity of toxic heavy metals in different brands of cigarette tobacco and their numerous negative health effects metal content in cigarette tobacco should be reduced.

Keywords: Metal, Toxicity, Tobacco, smoking, Mu՝assel

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ISSN (Paper)2224-7181 ISSN (Online)2225-062X

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