Structure and Regeneration Status of Menagesha Amba Mariam Forest (Egdu Forest) in Central Highlands of Shewa, Ethiopia

Abiyou Tilahun Teshome Soromessa, Ensermu Kelbessa


This study was conducted in Menagesha Amba Mariam Forest (Egdu), a dry evergreen afromontane forest in central highlands of Ethiopia. The aim of the study was to determine vegetation structure, community types and regeneration status of the forest. Sixty- nine sample plots (20 m x 20 m) were laid following altitudinal gradient and each releve has a 125 m altitudinal drop. Herbaceous species were collected from five (1 m x 1 m) sub-plots laid at four corners each and one at the centre of the large releve. All plant species found in each plot were recorded, collected, pressed and identified following Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Diameter at Breast Height (DBH) and height were measured for trees and shrubs having DBH > 2.5 cm. The analysis of vegetation revealed that the forest possesses the highest number of DBH, height and density of species at the lower classes. Vertical stratification revealed that most of the species in the Menagesha Amba Mariam Forest were found in the lower storey. The total density of tree stems per hectare and basal area of trees with DBH >2.5 cm were 4,362.08 and 84.17 m2 ha-1 respectively. The total density  of tree species greater than 2 cm and 10 cm DBH were found to be 860.56 which is greater than  those with DBH >20 cm (197.46). Thus the regeneration prevalence of small individuals (seedlings and saplings) was at good condition. Menagesha Amba Mariam Forest which is one of the remnant dry evergreen afromontane forests in central Ethiopia was selected to provide baseline information of the forest and degree of anthropogenic impact.

Keywords: Altitudinal gradient, dry evergreen montane forest, Menagesha Amba Mariam Forest, regeneration

Full Text: PDF
Download the IISTE publication guideline!

To list your conference here. Please contact the administrator of this platform.

Paper submission email:

ISSN (Paper)2224-7181 ISSN (Online)2225-062X

Please add our address "" into your email contact list.

This journal follows ISO 9001 management standard and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Copyright ©