Metabolic Syndrome and Means of Early Diagnosis in Albania

Anila Rexha (Shahini)



The metabolic syndrome is progressively more common worldwide. It is linked with the rise in obesity and lifestyle risk behaviors. It is also controversial; its value in predicting cardiovascular disease and diabetes risk and in guiding therapy has been challenged.


This article objective is to provide guidance on the diagnosis of the metabolic syndrome and the values for its prevention and management in perspective of primary care, taking into consideration etiological factors and the difficulty of managing its constituent risk factors.


Diagnosis of metabolic syndrome is useful in focusing attention on central adiposity and insulin resistance as risk factors both for the syndrome, cardiovascular and diabetes morbidity and mortality. Its assessment requires measurement of waist circumference, a simple but not often performed procedure in general practice in Albania.


The most essential components for the prevention and management of the metabolic syndrome are measures to change diet and physical activity in order to accomplish and continue weight loss.

Keywords: Metabolic syndrome, obesity, risk, cardiovascular disease, prevention, management

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ISSN (Paper)2224-7181 ISSN (Online)2225-062X

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