Impact of Climate Change on Smallholder Dairy Production and Coping Mechanism in Sub-Saharan Africa-Review

Gezu Tadesse


The current problems in the world are variation/declining of rainfall, shortage of feed and water, incidence of disease and rising of temperature, these are come about because of climate change. So, the objective of this review is to appraisal the impact of climate change on smallholder dairy production and coping mechanism in sub-Saharan Africa. Climate change is a long-term and significant change in the expected patterns of a specific region’s average weather for an appropriately significant period of time caused by the accumulation of greenhouse gases (gases facilitate for climate change are  CO2, CH4 and N2O) in the atmosphere which leads to global warming. Africa has been identified as one of the parts of the world most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Though climate change affect livestock production directly and indirectly, can be mitigate through  adaptation measures involve production and management system modifications, breeding strategies, institutional and policy changes, science and technology advances, and changing farmers’ perception, manure management, shifting dietary and reducing enteric methane production.

Keywords: Climate Change, Smallholder dairy production, Mitigation, Sub Saharan Africa

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ISSN (Paper)2224-7181 ISSN (Online)2225-062X

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