Gonococcal Acute Septic Arthritis in Immunocompetent Patients

T. Kalo, R. Celami, E. Puca, E. Muça, N. Gjermeni, Sh. Kurti, E. Qyra, Dh. Kraja, E. Rapushi, M. Hoxha, S. Damo, M. Eqimi


The objective of this study is to estimate the clinical evolution and the biological values and of three cases suffering from Gonococcal acute septic arthritis (GASA).Our study is based in a thoroughfully screening of 18 patients hospitalized in our service during the period of time of March 2011 – July 2016. Among those 18 cases, 12 of them (66.7%) were diagnosed with Acute Septic Arthritis (ASA) due to Staphylococcus aureus, 3 cases (16.65%) were diagnosed with ASA due to Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and 3 other cases (16.65%) were diagnosed with ASA due to Streptococcus pneumoniae, Escherichia coli and Echinella corrodens. Two sexually active women at the seventh and tenth day of an untreated suppurative cervico-vaginitis and one man at the eighth day of an untreated suppurative urethritis were consulted at the Service of Infectious Diseases of University Hospital Center “Mother Theresa”, because of: severe pains in left wrist, in the left elbow and in the right knee, swollen of those articulation, difficulties in their movements, shivering and a high fever of   38-39.2ºC. Neisseria gonorrhea was insolated in three cases in blood cultures and cervical/urethral samples and they were sensitive towards Cyclines, Cephalosporins and Fluoroquinolones. All three patients were immunocompetent.

Keywords: Neisseria gonorrhea, Acute Septic Arthritis, Biological values.

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ISSN (Paper)2224-7181 ISSN (Online)2225-062X

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