Mitral Valve Replacement Surgery in Redo Patients with Mix Blood Cardioplegia (MBC) Protection

Saimir Kuci, Ermal Likaj, Alfred Ibrahim, Jonela Burimi, Andi Kacani, Edvin Prifti


Aim of Study: Redo patient undergoing valve surgery are always a challenge for both cardiac surgeon and anesthesiologists. Mix blood cardioplegia has had a profound impact on cardiac surgery. but there have been few studies on its use in mitral valve replacement, especially in redo patient. The purpose of this study was to determine whether mix blood cardioplegia offers any advantages in redo patient undergoing mitral valve replacement.Patients and Methods:  20 patient, who have had a previous mitral valve surgery and were scheduled for mitral valve replacement with or without tricuspid repair, were randomized retrospectively to one of two groups of 10 with different technique of myocardial protection: group A (10 patients) had cold crystalloid cardioplegia, and group B(10 patients) had mix blood cardioplegia, a technique modified on our clinic condition (made by mixing  400-500ml oxygenated blood from oxygenator  and 10ml KCL 7.5%) . Systemic hypothermia was 28°C in Group A and between 32°C and 33°C in Group B. The results were primarily assessed on the basis of clinical outcome, such as hematocrit level intra and post CPB, maximum dose of inotropic support, spontaneous rhythm recovery after aortic cross clamping, length of intensive care unit stay and secondly on postoperative blood loss and blood requirements. Results: There were no preoperative or operative differences between the groups with regard to age, sex, diagnosis, rhythm, New York Heart Association functional class, left ventricular ejection fraction, estimated pulmonary artery systolic pressure, operation, or duration of the operation, CPB, or aortic cross clamping and the time when the patients underwent the first operation. There was one death in group A (10% mortality). The changes in hematocrit level differs significantly between the two groups on the post CPB period (p=0,02) There appeared to be a trend towards better spontaneous recovery of sinus rhythm after removal of the aortic cross clamp in group B compared with group A, the difference did reach statistical significance. (p=0.002). Patients on group A required more inotropic support than Group B (p=0.005). There were differences even on blood requirements postoperatively, more dominant these  requirement were in group A (p=0.02).Discussion: Mix Blood Cardioplegia had beneficial effects in clinical outcome in redo patients undergoing mitral valve replacement surgery. This may be due to its better preservation of high-energy phosphates and endogenous amino acids, less anerobic metabolic activity on reperfusion, reduced release of cardiac troponin T, and improved post-ischemic functional recovery.

Keywords: Miocardial protection, cardiopulmonary bypass CPB, Mix Blood Cardioplegia (MBC)

DOI: 10.7176/ALST/82-04

Publication date:October 31st 2020

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ISSN (Paper)2224-7181 ISSN (Online)2225-062X

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