The Unifying Constant U

Salah Eid


The interaction between the electron and another particle bearing opposite or same charge creates a permanent or momentarily system, the permanent one takes place inside nuclear range, it is the neutron when the electron interacts with a proton , or it is gamma ray when the electron interacts with a positron . The momentarily one occurs on atomic level when the electron interacts with another electron bearing the same charge. In these two states on nuclear or atomic levels, we have constant U, where the energy of the electron is determined according to its distance from the other particle. When the distance is the basic nuclear diameter  the electron moves with the speed of light in the two states, but this speed can be exceeded only when the distance between the electron and the other particle with opposite charge on nuclear level is less than .This explains the greater energies of gamma and beta. On the other hand replacing the velocity  in constant U by an astronomical value gives the ratio between the atomic radius and astronomical radius

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