Effect of Fuel on the Structural and Optical Properties of MgO Nanoparticles Prepared by Auto–Combustion of Sol-Gel Method

Ziad T. Khodair, Tagreed M. Al – Saadi, Ahmed H. Abed


Magnesium nitrate as precursor and citric acid as fuel are used as a starting material for the preparation  magnesium oxide (MgO) nanoparticles via sol- gel of auto–combustion  method.  X-ray diffraction patterns indicate that the obtain (MgO) nanoparticles are in good crystallinity and show that the all grain size was decreases with increasing of concentration citric acid as fuel. The crystallite size was calculated using Scherrer and Williamson-Hall formula at difference ratios of fuel which have maximum crystallite size (13.55 nm) and  (14.26 nm) respectively. The SEM images for MgO powder prepared with fuel (Citric acid) at three various molar ratios show the morphology of the oxides is mostly spherical with some agglomeration. The optical properties  show that  the transmittance decrease with increase the fuel amount and  additives ammonia and fuel played an important role in the combustion.

Keywords: MgO , Nanoparticles , Sol-Gel, Auto–Combustion, Structural , Optical

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ISSN (Paper)2224-719X ISSN (Online)2225-0638

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