Characterization of Surface Deformation Behavior, Mechanical and Physical Properties of Modified-clay Bricks

David N Githinji, Charles K Nzila, John T Githaiga, David R Tuigong, Albert O Osiemo, Peter O Ayoro


The demand for building material is ever increasing owing to population growth. Compacted clay bricks are an important integral building material especially for low cost durable and affordable housing segment. This is a valued building material since its properties can be modified to suit various loading conditions.  In this paper, the mechanical and physical properties of clay bricks modified with varying proportions of sawdust and polystyrene are determined. Increment of non-clay material proportion in the modified-clay bricks increases their porosity and water absorbency while their bulk densities, compressive and flexural strengths decreases. The use is made of Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) method to assess the surface deformation behavior of the modified-clay bricks under uniaxial compressive loading. The distribution of surface deformation as assessed through PIV method is relatively uniform in pure-clay bricks while modified-clay bricks indicates a non-uniform deformation localized near the loading point at low strains. The strain distribution progressively spread out in the modified-clay brick as the failure point is approached.

Keywords: Modified-clay brick, Digital Image Correlation, deformation, Particle Image Velocimetry, Characterisation.

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5790 ISSN (Online)2225-0514

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