Environmental Pollution from Road Transport System in Ogbomosoland, Southwestern Nigeria

Osuolale, O. M., Agbede, O. A., Osuolale, F. N.


Environmental pollutions from road transport system in Nigeria poses serious health hazards to the ecosystem because of presence of heavy metals and other pollutants. There are researches on assessment of heavy metals contamination of road side soils but most of them investigated the concentration of the heavy metals at the edge of the road pavements but did not considered the concentration at various distances away from the edge of the road pavement. This research therefore focussed on the investigation of the concentration of the contaminants at the edge of the road and at various distances away from the road pavement. A total of 225 soil samples were collected at three sampling depths (0, 10 and 20cm) using three sampling distances of 0.2, 1.5 and 3.0m from Federal, State and Local roads. The soil samples were digested using perchloric acid and trioxonitrate (v) acid and the resulting filterate was analysed using Atomic absorption spectrophotometer for concentrations of Lead (Pb), Copper (Cu), Zinc (Zn), Nickel (Ni) and Cadmium (Cd) at each road. The heavy metals concentration at depth 0cm and distance 0.2m show that the  Federal roads had the highest mean concentration of 154.67, 49.43, 124.71, 27.40 and 2.19µg/g for Pb, Cu, Zn, Ni and Cd respectively and the least being Local roads (110.60, 35.57, 104.26, 23.99 and 1.12µg/g). The mean heavy metals concentrations decreased with increasing soil depths and sampling distance for Federal, State and Local roads. Some of the heavy metals concentrations were above the permissible limit (Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment, 2004). The study revealed that there are heavy metals in the road-side soils and concentrations for some of the roads were found to be above the permissible limits and this possesses serious health challenges to people around the neighbourhood. The concentrations also decreased with increasing sampling depth and distance for all the roads.

Keywords: Environmental Pollution, Heavy metals, Road-side Soils, Sampling depth and distance

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5790 ISSN (Online)2225-0514

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