A Review Paper on Sustainable Cost Effective Concrete for Corrosive Environment

R. Darwin, S. Usha


For its favorable properties and easily availability, the use of concrete increasing annually. When the concrete exposed to environment it start to disintegrate due to chemical attack. The chemical attacks on concrete majorly are in the form of a reaction between aggressive agents and the cement matrix, although reactions can also happen with the aggregates. This review paper gives a suggestion to make a cost effective and durable concrete to perform well in the aggressive corrosion environment by the waste products obtained from different industry. The use of Portland cement concrete has an impact on the environmental due to the emission of CO2 in the atmosphere. On the other side handling of plastic waste was a major problem all over the world. So, as to give suggestion to these problems the study has been made as the use of rice husk ash (obtained from agricultural waste) and silica fume (obtained from alloy industry) as partial replacement of Portland cement to increase strength at early and later ages. And due to its micro structure it reduce the permeability of concrete and exhibit considerable enhancement in durability, also provides better bond between cement matrix and the aggregate. The usage of LDPE is high throughout the world compared to other plastics, the density of LDPE range from 925-940 kg/m3 so the density of the concrete greatly reduce up to 30%  as their wastes can be used as a replacement for fine aggregate.. In terms of durability the high amount of silica impregnated the concrete samples and thereby reduces porosity of concrete. The strength reduction due to plastics will nearly   compensated by the RHA and SF. The use of such waste products gives cost effective and reducing co2 emission and best method for the disposal of plastic wastes.

Keywords: Silica Fume, Rice husk ash, LDPE, Durability

DOI: 10.7176/CER/11-5-05

Publication date:June 30th 2019

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5790 ISSN (Online)2225-0514

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