Experimental Studies on the Performance of Prestressed Concrete Slabs with Parabolic Tendon Profile Shapes

Hery Riyanto, Aditya Mahatidanar Hidayat, Niko Iskandar


Slab without beams cause bending cracks in the tensile region at a low loading level. One way to overcome these weaknesses is to provide a pre-concentric or eccentric initial bias style. In this study, we wanted to compare the performance of prestressed concrete slabs in terms of cross-sectional strength capacity and rigidity of concrete slab without prestressing through experiments. Objects that were tested without prestressing were made 1 piece, namely P1, and objects that were tested with prestressing were 3 piecesnamely P2 with 2 tendons, P3 with 3 tendons, and P4 with 4 tendons. The dimensions of each object tested are 100 × 40 × 8 cm and all of them are designed with concrete qualityf'c = 30 Mpa. The tendon usedis 8 mm plains teel that is pulled by tightening the nuts at both ends, with a parabolic profile shape and eccentricity value in the middle span of 1.5 cm. From the test results obtained a very significant increase in the crosssectional strength capacity of specimens P2, P3 and P4 against P1. The increase in peak load that can be borne by 192.18% is for P2, 286.54% is for P3, and 383.00% is for P4. It also happened to increase the peak bending moment which can be borne by 161.57% for P2, 241.05% for P3, and 322.68% for P4.

Keywords: Concrete, Moment.

DOI: 10.7176/CER/11-10-05

Publication date: November 30th 2019

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5790 ISSN (Online)2225-0514

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