Causes and Effects of Drought in Northern Parts of Ethiopia

Yitbarek Andualem Mekonnen


Droughts are generally periods that rainfall is below normal, leading to extended periods of water shortage. This paper reviews the causes and consequences of drought in northern parts of Ethiopia country. Drought occurred in northern parts Ethiopia have been quasi-periodically during the last several centuries up to now. The main causes of drought in northern parts of Ethiopia are either natural or human activities or both. The effects of drought are widespread and have effects on the environment and the society as a whole, on their economy, social aspects and politics. Drought must be mitigate or reduced, drought mitigation strategies are things that can be reduce the forces or intensity of dry periods by using different mechanisms in different ways.

Keywords: drought, causes of drought, effects of drought, mitigation, Northern parts of Ethiopia

DOI: 10.7176/CER/12-3-04

Publication date:March 31st 2020

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5790 ISSN (Online)2225-0514

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