Challenges of Domestic Water Supply in Injibara Town, Ethiopia

Yitbarek Andualem


This study assesses the major causes and challenges of inadequate quantity and quality of domestic water supply in Injibara town. Study area has the problems of insufficient domestic water supply in both quantity and quality and also distribution system has the major challenges on consumption of water supply. Therefore, the data are collected from study area, which are primary and secondary data by using interview and from various sources. Data analysis of this studying is using frequency analysis by using four phases, which are coding data, discovery of themes, organizing and defining data by code and interpretation of results.The results of this study show that existing water supply has multidimensional problems, such as lack of money and fund, the rapid growth rate of population, loss of water by leakage and lack of power to pump. The current demand and supply of domestic water supply is not balancing with numbers of town population, which is only 28.6% but 71.4% of total communities cannot gate adequate domestic water supply every day. Majority of the town communities use daily domestic water supply from unsafe and unprotected alternative water sources to fulfill their daily water demand from far distance almost 85.8% of total town communities. In study area There is no coordination, participation, and awareness of the population about the aim of water supply for their life by using water direct or indirect. Totally this study concludes as the existing domestic water supply is inadequate for all town communities at current time. This paper recommended that redesign all components of water supply schemes starting from population forecasting up to distribution systems.

Keywords: Access of water; demand; distribution; production; Water supply; water tax; Injibara town

DOI: 10.7176/CER/12-3-05

Publication date:March 31st 2020

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5790 ISSN (Online)2225-0514

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