Experimental Research on Material Behaviour of Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer Bars in Tension

Wodajo Sara Desalegn, Weldeselassie Danayt Abraham, Xie Fang, Yang Hongmei, Liang Min


Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) rebars have been widely used to solve the corrosion problem of steel bars in concrete structures. It has been produced as a lightweight and corrosion-resistant than steel reinforcement in many structural applications. They are regarded as a promising substitute for steel bars in concrete infrastructures. It is necessary to test GFRP bars to fully understand their material properties to ensure the safe and efficient use of the material. In this study, five specimens of each type of GFRP bars with a diameter of 6, 8, 10, 12, and 14 mm were tested under tension. Therefore, a total of 25 samples were examined from the same manufacturer. According to ASTM’s recommendations (D7205/D7205M-06) for tensile tests of GFRP bars, the diameter and thickness of the steel pipes for both ends were considered in the preparation of the test specimens to keep the GFRP bars consistent and aligned throughout the experiment. The experimental test results included the stress-strain curves, tensile strength, ultimate strain, and modulus of elasticity. The study showed an accurate result that indicated the tensile strength of the GFRP bars can be expressed by a linear distribution. For a bar diameter of 10mm, the length to diameter ratio Le/db=8 showed a maximum tensile to compressive strength ratio. In the failure results of the test, there were two-mode failures of GFRP bars: fracture failure and pull-out failure of GFRP bars. Most of the specimens had GFRP bar fracture failures, only two specimens (GBT1-10-2 and GBT1-10-3) were damaged due to the pull-off of the GFRP bars which was not a typical failure mode.

Keywords: GFRP Bars, Tensile Test, Stress-Strain Curve, Fracture Failure

DOI: 10.7176/CER/13-5-05

Publication date:August 31st 2021

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5790 ISSN (Online)2225-0514

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