Water–Demand Management in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for Enhancement Environment

Magdy Shayboub Ali Mahmoud, Samir Mahmoud Adam Abdallh


The purpose and the goal of the paper is growing substantially and that is being met through the available scarce and dwindling water resources. The kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) faces an acute water shortage due to arid climate and absence of permanent lakes and rivers. Ever-increasing imbalances are usually met by increasing water supplies, whereas the concepts of water-demand management have not been given due importance and weight age. Meeting the rapidly rising demand with scarce and depleting resources remains the critical issue. The goal of this paper is showing; how Geographical Information Systems(GIS) can be used to support infrastructure  planners and analyst  on a local area. This paper places emphasizes on the urgency of adopting conservation and water-demand management initiatives to maintain demand supply relationship and achieve an acceptable balance between water needs and availability.

The kingdom places emphasis on the shift from supply development to demand management to use of critical and non-renewable water resources efficiently. The paper suggests that the water-use-efficiency (WUE) in various sectors can be enhanced and improved in the kingdom. The paper presents an overview of the country’s water resources and issues related to water. Some possible conservation and remedial measures particularly in the agricultural sector-the largest and most inefficient user of water have been suggested. The objective of this paper is to safeguard and conserve this precious natural resource through environmental friendly technologies for the future generations to come. It is presumed that water resources can be managed on sustainable basis by devising and employing environmental friendly technologies including water conservation measures. The usefulness of these measures can be supplemented through the vibrant and viable extension and education initiatives and capacity building programs. In this work, three sets applications of GIS models have been produced. The geodatabase of district  areas  in Saudi Arabia including these layers of  Area, Subarea, Cites, water in land, water area, land cover, roads, rail roads, elevations.

Keywords: Water Demand, Water Resources, GIS, Highway Street, XML Schema.

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5774 ISSN (Online)2225-0492

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