Performance Analysis of Improved Technique for Optimal Frequency Spectrum Utilization Considering Energy and Eigenvalue Detectors

Oluwaseun S. Adewuyi, Matthew I. Ehikhamenle, Bourdillon O. Omijeh


Recently, exponential rise in the demand of wireless communication has led to gross reduction in the availability of wireless frequency spectrum to meet the proliferation of demands. Overlay and underlay cognitive radio used to address this problem is characterized with poor management of the assigned spectrum. The basic and essential mechanism of cognitive Radio (CR) to find unused spectrum is called Spectrum Sensing. This is important in optimizing frequency allocation for the increasing wireless communication system. Hence, this paper developed an energy efficient spectrum sensing technique for detection of white and brown space using energy and eigenvalue detector. Based on a predefined switching algorithm, the developed spectrum sensing system switches between overlay and underlay approach when there is presence of white space and brown space respectively. During the underlay approach, the cognitive user (CU) signal is coded using a Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) to prevent primary users (PU) receiver from hearing CU signal and thereby improve the security of CU. Also, Hybrid Decode Amplify and Forward (H-DAF) cooperative relay technique is incorporated to enhance the coverage area of the cognitive user. However, during the overlay approach, H-DAF cooperative relay technique will be in sleep mode since CU can transmit with the maximum transmitting power. During the underlay approach, the received signal at the relay node is decoded, amplified, and coded using CDMA before forwarding to the CU receiver. The paper compared the performance of the two detectors by simulating the developed algorithm using MATLAB R2021a. Evaluation was based on Throughput, Spectrum Utilization Efficiency, and Spectral Efficiency by comparing Energy detector and Eigen Value detector.

Keywords: Energy Detector (ED), Eigenvalue Detector (EVD), White Space, Brown Space, Spectrum Sensing (SS), Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA).

DOI: 10.7176/ISDE/13-2-04

Publication date:July 31st 2023

Full Text: PDF
Download the IISTE publication guideline!

To list your conference here. Please contact the administrator of this platform.

Paper submission email:

ISSN (Paper)2222-1727 ISSN (Online)2222-2871

1Please add our address "" into your email contact list.

This journal follows ISO 9001 management standard and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Copyright ©