Measuring Inequality for the Rural Households of Eritrea Using Lorenz Curve and Gini Coefficient

Said Mussa Said, Melake Tewolde Tekleghiorghis, Ghirmai Tesfamariam Teame, Amine Teclay Habte


This paper attempts to accurately measure inequality. The large sample of consumption expenditure data taken from Eritrean rural household survey of 2009 allows the use of parameterized continuous functions of Lorenz Curve to estimate Gini Coefficient. Among other assumed functions of the Lorenz Curve, the generalized Beta Lorenz Curve gives the best estimate of the Gini Coefficient which in turn results in a low degree of inequality. Thus, considering the current low standard of living of the households, the results appear to partially support poverty and inequality trade-off.

Keywords: Inequality, Lorenz Curve, Gini Coefficient, Consumption Expenditure

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