The Arab Spring and the Required Questions of Renaissance

Rasha Abed Al-Fattah Jalees


This study discusses the Arab Spring revolutions that took place in the Arab World a few years ago by reviewing the historical relationship of the crisis of Arab thought (religious, political and modernist) describing it as a cumulative product which accumulated in Arab mentality and formed an ideological path that was difficult to abandon. This was one of the most important factors for the deterioration of the Arab renaissance concept in ideological composition and one of the most prominent reasons for the failure of the revolutions that swept the Arab states demanding the regimes’ downfall or political and democratic reform. The study also brings to light the revolution concept throughout history and presents the most important opinions of researchers in their view of the Arab Spring from different perspectives and ideologies. The study attempts to analyse the framework of the revolutions’ reality by revealing the most important characteristics of the revolutions in each country and their transformation into civil and sectarian wars in some states, and their success in others.

Keywords: Arab Spring, revolution, Renaissance, Islamic Caliphate, politic, Thought, Secularism, Political Islam

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ISSN 2409-6938

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