Private Security in Ethiopia: Key Challenges and the Ways Forward

Abera Tsegaye Eshete


This study sought to explore private security in Ethiopia focusing on the challenges that hindered it to provide effective security service to its clients. To this end, the study employed a qualitative research method. Data were generated from both primary and secondary sources using in-depth interviews, focus group discussion, observation, and document review. Primary data were purposively gathered from lawmakers, security service providers, law enforcement organs, and private security service users. They are identified as the major actors that have a direct relevance to the subject under investigation. Secondary data were consulted from pertinent legislations and other materials. Thematic analysis was used to analyze the data. The study found that the major challenges as regards private security are lack of comprehensive legal and policy frameworks, absence of institutional arrangements, lack of standardized training and education. Given these, the researcher, among other things, suggested strong normative frameworks, institutional arrangements, standardized training along with periodic evaluations.

Keywords: Private Security, Private Security Service, Challenges, Training

DOI: 10.7176/JAAS/75-02

Publication date:August 31st 2021

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