Role of Women in Farm and Family Decision Making Process in Udi Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria

Umeh G, N, Chukwu V. A


Women are key players in the agricultural sector of most developing countries like Nigeria. But, despite their well recognized roles, men have continued to dominate both farm and non-farm decision making process. This study investigated the role of women in farm and family decision making process in Udi L.G.A of Enugu State, Nigeria. Multi-stage random sampling technique was employed in collecting primary data from 120 respondents with the aid of a questionnaire and interview schedule. Both descriptive and inferential statistical tools were used in data analysis. Result showed that women influenced decisions on the following farming activities: sowing/planting, fertilizer applications, marketing of farm products among others. They also took part in non-agricultural farming decisions such as marriage issues, domestic activities, family medical and health issues among others. The result of multiple regression analysis showed a high value of  R2 of 78.1% which indicates that about 78.1% change in participation of women farmers in farm and family decision-making was caused by changes in the socio-economic characteristics of the women farmers. The null hypothesis was rejected at 5% level of significance. This shows that the socio-economic characteristics of the women farmers influenced significantly their participation in decision making. The result of factor analysis identified institutional, socio-cultural and financial constraints as hindrances to women full participation in farm and non-farm decision making. It was concluded that empowering women through direct involvement in development and implementation of agricultural policies and projects can enhance their decision-making ability. Necessary recommendations such as legislative changes, formation of functional women groups and reform of land tenure system in favour of women were made among others.

Keywords: Agriculture, Women, Role, Farm, Family, Decision Making, Enugu State, Nigeria.

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3208 ISSN (Online)2225-093X

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