Dairy Goats Feeding Profile in Lowland Area, East Java Province, Indonesia

Hidayati A, Hartutik ., Soebarinoto ., Kusmartono .


This research aims to study the profile of dairy goats feeding people in the rainy season and the dry lowland in East Java province, Indonesia.

The area selected is Kediri and Blitar districts considering a buffer zone of Kelud agro tourism, development of dairy goat breeder for 10 years increased but there is a decrease in land for agriculture. Selection of the location of each district based on stratified sampling based on the number of farmers.

Survey research methods with interview techniques and field observations on 44 dairy goat breeders taken total sampling, to obtain data on materials preparation, administration and composition of the feed, concentrate feed ingredients. Data feed intake, milk production and profits derived from measurements of the entire dairy goats belonging to 19 farmers, selected from 44 respondents with stratified sampling technic based on proximity between the locations of the breeder farm.

Rainfall in wet and dry was 1933 vs. 566 mm / 6 months. A total of 61.36 % of farmers taking forage at a distance of 2-3 km (rainy) and 25.0 % (dry) , the location of paddy land as the location where the breeders take when wet forage (50 %) and dry (27.27 %) , which is then by 45.45 % farmers dikeringudarakan (Hay) when wet and when dry (22.73 %) . The highest forage types used are natural grass and crops waste, while wet 44.23 % and 56.95 % at 23:55 and 37.88 % dry. The composition of the feed is highest when the wet grass and concentrate 48.24 legumes 12:47 10.88 %, while dry legumes into a 23:47 concentrate 22.68 and 25.99 %. Concentrate in the form of increased use of cassava tubers in the dry season than the wet is 12:40 compared to 22.88 and 26.45 conversely rice hull into 15.78. Intake of DM, OM and milk production in wet vs. dry season was 85.75 vs. 55.68; 71.78 vs. 49.17 g/kgBW0.75/head/day, 0:54 vs. 0.65 l/head/day. Benefit in wet vs. dry season vs. 5.732/head/day was £ 9,448.

To increase the supply of forage in the dry season should be increased use of crop waste as a source of energy and fiber as well as the provision in the form of hay or ensilage durable that can be stored. The composition of feed concentrates particularly forage ratio needs to be improved so that consumption can be obtained nutrients is met and optimal profit.

Keywords: Ettawa crossbreed, Lowland, Feeding Characteristics, profit, season

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3208 ISSN (Online)2225-093X

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