Variation in Essential Oil Content and Composition (Pimpinella anisum L.)

Sahar A.A.Malik Al-Saadi, Karim H. Al-Derawi, Duaa Abd Al-azem


The essential oils were isolated from dried Pimpinella anisum L. seeds by Cleavenger aperture extraction, and fractions were identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). 51 components were detected in aniseed. The components were mainly 19 sesquiterpenes (37.25 % ), ten monoterpene (19.60%) , tow diterpene (3.92%) and one hemiterpene (1.96 %). The major components identified in the essential oil of Pimpinella anisum was trans-Anethole or Anisole (71.52 %) , benzocycloheptene (6.59 %),and Isoeugenyl acetate ( 4.63 %). In addition  44 components were present at less than 1%.

Keywords: Pimpinella anisum, anise, essential oils, trans-Anethole, GC-MS.

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3208 ISSN (Online)2225-093X

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