Prediction of Risk Factors for Infection Occurrence in Patients with Burn Injury

Jackleen Faheem Gendy


Burn injuries have been recognized as a significant and major public health problem in economically developing countries. Long open wound areas containing necrotic tissue make burn patients more susceptible to infection. Nosocomial infection is a recognized public health problem world-wide with an important cause of burn mortality. So, this study aimed to predict risk factors for occurrence of infection in patients with burn injury. Research design: Analytical cross sectional study design used the following research question: What are risk factors for occurrence of infection in patients with burn injury? Setting: At selected Plastic, reconstructive and Burn Surgery Center- Ain Shams University. Sample: A purposive sample, 100 patients of who correspond to inclusion criteria and all available nurses (n=30).Tools for data collection: Four tools; Tool 1: patient's interview questionnaire. Tool 2: patients with burn parameters, tool. Tool 3: observational checklist of nurses' performance, Tool 4: hospital's environment observational checklist. Result: The results indicate that there were a relation between patients with local signs of burn wound infection and site& degree of burn, total burned surface area and increased WBCs& body temperature. Nurses, practice was poor and there were a relation between burn wound dressing and proper use of personal protective equipment& local signs of burn wound infection. Conclusion: risk for burn wound infection increase with age, males are more affected than females and also increased length of hospital stay increase risk for infection where 3rd degree burns were more liable for wound infection and burn wound excision considered also risk for infection. Recommendation: Nurses need a specific teaching guideline and training about infection control measures to be used when dealing with burned patients to minimize risk for nosocomial infection.

Keywords: prediction, risk factors, infection, patient, burn injury.

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3208 ISSN (Online)2225-093X

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