Ecological Survey of Macrobenthic Invertebrates of Selected Ponds in Agbede Flood Plain, Southern Nigeria

John Ovie Olomukoro, Idiaghe Martins Osamuyiamen, Abdul-Rahman Dirisu


Ecological study on three selected ponds of Agbede flood plain was fortnightly carried out between January and June, 2007 to assess and document the macrobenthic fauna composition, abundance and distribution, as well as the physicochemical status of some parameters in water which were collected and analyzed monthly.  Benthos was sampled for using the Ekman Grab operated by hand in shallow waters together with the Kick sampling method. Among the eight physicochemical characteristics investigated, pH fluctuated from slightly acidic to slightly alkaline with range of values (5.90 – 7.35) at the studied stations. Significant difference (P<0.05) was observed for biological oxygen demand (BOD5) and dissolved oxygen (DO). A total of ten (10) groups comprising macroinvertebrates taxa with one thousand and thirty one (1,031) individuals were recorded in this study. Most dominant groups were represented by Coleopterans (35.79% and 374 individuals), Hemiptera (20.19% and 211 individuals) and Dipterans (18.47% and 193 individuals).  Evenness was highest in pond 1 (0.4973). The highest number of macroinvertebrates were collected from pond 2 (416) where no human activities occurred and however implied that human activities can rapidly alter any previously stable communities of aquatic environments.

Keywords: Ecology, Flood plain, Macrobenthos, Ponds, Fadama, Nigeria

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3208 ISSN (Online)2225-093X

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