Model Designing for Sustainable New City Development: A Case Study for South Tangerang City, Indonesia

Heri Apriyanto, Eriyatno ., Ernan Rustiadi, Ikhwanuddin Mawardy


Development of new city is expected to solve such problems as population pressure reduction in large cities, regional economic development, etc., but the reality does not correspond to the objectives. The development of a new city has brought convenience to the people's production and life. However, at the same time, with the increasing of urban factor intensity, the problems such as the traffic, security, infrastructure, and environment and others are growing. A case study of the research was conducted in the South Tangerang City, Banten Province, Indonesia. The development of this city had only focused on economic aspect, other aspects such as environmental (especially on environmental carrying capacity) and social aspect should be paid sufficient attention. Therefore, in city development control should be implemented in ensuring sustainable cities development. Assessment on sustainable cities development is systematically, because city growth is affected by behavior of elements such as economic, ecology and social elements which constructed a city. The aim of research was to design a model designing for sustainable development of South Tangerang City. System dynamics approach was employed to develop the model. The model contain of some sub model, i.e.: Population and Labor,  Regional Economic,  Environmental Condition, and Infrastructure and Transportation sub model. Some scenario were determined and simulated to predict economic, social and environmental impact. Recommended policies to achieve its sustainability i.e. increasing investment, green open space, vertical settlement, road capacity, and budget for the environmental sector.

Keywords: Sustainable New City Development, System Dynamics, South Tangerang City, scenario

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3216 ISSN (Online)2225-0948

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