Risk Environmental Analysis, Eggs and Larvae Population in the Ground, Infection Prevalence of Soil Tranmitted Helminths (STH) and its distribution in Ambon Island Maluku Province

Salakory Melianus, E. Binnedyk


One of the parasitic disease in Indonesia is still a public health problem is an intestinal infection by intestinal nematodes, especially those transmitted through the ground. In the field, the life cycle of STH require host factors (human), agent (worm), and environmental factors. Host factors play a role here are the healthy habits of people either directly or indirectly. Environmental parameters, the risk of environmental conditions required for the maturation process of worm eggs become infective eggs or larvae.

Multispectral satellite image analysis to determine the risk of environmental components. Results of interpretation of the image, and then processed through the Geographic Information System ArcView program to produce a map of the distribution of the STH risk environment. STH eggs and larvae populations in different alluvial land units with brunisem, Gleisol, kambisol, litosol, podsolic and rensina. The difference is influenced by the roots, the average total index growth Hookworms eggs in the soil, bowel habit, soil texture class, pH.H2O, porosity, soil organic matter content, water content field, permeability, total average growth index of eggs T. trichiura on the ground and, on average, the total index growth A. Lumbricoides eggs. The prevalence of STH infections in residents of endemic land units in the settlements of the island of Ambon different for brunisem, Gleisol, kambisol, litosol, podsolic and rensina. Differences influenced by variations in population and STH eggs in the soil, population habits or children using footwear to school or during activities to other places, while out of the house, cleaning the yard work, washing hands before touching food and eating habits with hand.

Usefulness of the expected results through STH distribution maps in Ambon island endemic land units can facilitate the control of an incidence of infection (saving time, effort, and cost when compared to a surveillance activity). The group formed a healthy perception of risk, lowering the prevalence of STH. The method used is the field survey with cross sectional design

Keywords: STH, Environment, Risk, Distribution

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3216 ISSN (Online)2225-0948

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