Extract of Temu Kunci Plant (Boesenbergia Pandurata Roxb) as Biolarvicida to Larvae of Culex and Aedes Aegypti

Marlik ., Nur Haidah, AT Diana Nerawati


The presence of saponins and flavonoids in Temu Kunci plant allows potential as a Temu Kunci plant biolarvasida. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of Temu Kunci plant (Boesenbergia Pandurata Roxb) extracts as biolarvasida to larvae of Culex and Aedes aegypti.This research is true experiments. The research object is the Culex mosquito larvae and third instar Aedes aegypti were included in the container with Temu Kunci plant concentration of 0 ppm, 250 ppm, 500 ppm, 750 ppm and 1,000 ppm were observed within 24 hours, 48 hours and 72 hours. Analysis of the effectiveness of larvicides Temu Kunci  plant extract determined by Lethal Concentartion 50 (LC50), that the concentration of Temu Kunci  plant extract can kill larvae of Culex and Aedes aegypti 50% using 1-way Anava test.The result of this study show that there are at least 1 (one) pair extract concentrations Temu Kunci plant in inhibiting the growth the larvae of Culex and Aedes aegypti after exposure extract Temu Kunci plant for 24 hours, 48 hours and 72 hours difference (p<α=0:05). The extract Temu Kunci  plant (Boesenbergia Pandurata Roxb) 500 ppm can kill 50% of the larvae of Culex and Aedes aegypti good for 48 hours. It can be concluded that the extract Temu Kunci  plant effective as biolarvasida with a concentration of 500 ppm against larvae of Culex and Aedes aegypti. So it needs to be disseminated that plants Temu Kunci  plant (Boesenbergia pandurata Roxb) can be used as inhibitor the growth of  Culex and Aedes aegypti’s larvae.

Keywords: Temu Kunci  plant, biolarvasida, Culex, Aedes aegypti.

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3216 ISSN (Online)2225-0948

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