Assessment of Impact Sewage Effluents on the Coastal Water Quality Around the Mouth of Wadi Gaza (Gaza and Middle Governorates, Gaza Strip, Palestine)

Khalid Fathi Ubeid, Mohammad R. Al-Agha


Gaza Strip is a narrow coastal region locates at the southeastern coastal plain of Mediterranean Sea. Along the beach of the Gaza Strip eight sewage stations are observed in addition to mouth of Wadi Gaza, which are pumping untreated sewage into the seawater. The aim of the study is to assess the impact of the wastewater disposal and pollutant sources along the study area, focusing around the mouth of Wadi Gaza. This study is carried out along the beach of Gaza and Middle Governorates. Sampling has done at 36 stations along three lines survey extending from SW to NE, these lines locate at distance 100 m; 200 m; and 350 m respectively in the sea. The results of geochemical analysis show variations in physico-chemical parameters: pH; electrical conductivity (EC); total suspended solids (TSS); total dissolved solids (TDS); nitrates; chlorides; calcium; sodium; and potassium. The results reveal that the pollution had significantly higher level round the raw sewage discharge points and decrease towards north direction and significantly decrease at distance greater than 200 m in the sea.

Keywords: sewage, seawater, pollution, Wadi Gaza, Gaza beach, Palestine

Full Text: PDF
Download the IISTE publication guideline!

To list your conference here. Please contact the administrator of this platform.

Paper submission email:

ISSN (Paper)2224-3216 ISSN (Online)2225-0948

Please add our address "" into your email contact list.

This journal follows ISO 9001 management standard and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Copyright ©