Environmental and Socio-Economic Impact of Mining on Immediate Communities in Kogi State Central Nigeria

Jethro, M.A, Ogbodo, D.A, Peter, E.O


The socio-economic and environmental impacts of mining on immediate communities around Borini  Porono quarry in  Kogi State, central Nigeria were examined. A total of 100 respondents were contacted for relevant information through questionnaire administration and interviews. Quantitative methods such as Chi-square, Pair-wise ranking, and ANOVA TABLE were used to interpret the data collected.  Physicochemical analysis of the water bodies close to the quarry were carried out using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS), Sherwood Flame Emission Spectrometry and Titration. The research revealed that the mining activities have resulted in cracking of buildings, there are also incidences of pollution of various kinds (air, noise and land) to the environment.  The result of the water analysis shows some trace elements such as NO-3, Fe and total coliform bacteria were present to certain level making the water not suitable for drinking. The results show that the hypothesis that residents’ appreciation of mining effects on the environments is affected by their years of stay in the communities was also validated. It was concluded that, there is need for the government to make it mandatory for mining companies at both large and small-scale, to submit environmental impact assessment report before a license to mine or explore can be granted and proper monitoring.

Keywords: Environmental, Social-Economic and Mining

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3216 ISSN (Online)2225-0948

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