Evaluation of Environmental Effect of Shiroro Hydropower Dam on the Downstream Communities of Shiroro Local Government Area, Niger State, Nigeria

Anzaku M. Iliyasu, Buba Y. Alfred, Onoja F. Idoko, Alkali Mohammed, Sa’adu Sabitu Da’u


This study evaluates the environmental effect of Shiroro hydropower dam on the downstream communities. The main objective of this study is to investigate the environmental effects of Shiroro hydropower dam on the downstream communities. A suitable conceptual framework was formulated and obtained data on the environmental impacts of dam on downstream communities, followed by a comprehensive literature review for viable information on the study. Three communities were used as case studies and quantitative method was  used as an appropriate research paradigm such as structured questionnaire survey (with predominantly quantitative questions) and  relevant data was obtained from the study area. Subsequently the data was analysed using descriptive, factor analysis and Kruskal-Wallis test as well construct reliability and validity analysis. From a broad range of environmental impacts, core environmental impacts were determined. The core impacts include changes in riparian vegetation, changes in river water quality, changes to channel shape and changes in floodplains among others. Similarly, control techniques were identified to lessen the effect of the impact and the result revealed that watershed management, water pollution control, management of water releases, fishing regulation, fish hatcheries and fish passage facilities were the core control techniques. The result of Kruskal-Wallis test revealed that majority of the environmental impacts affecting the communities under study is significantly and statistically different while the Cronbach alpha for internal consistencies of the constructs of the questionnaire was 0.745, hence high enough for generalising the result.

Keywords: Environment, Effects, Hydroelectric, Dam, Downstream

DOI: 10.7176/JEES/9-3-11

Publication date:March 31st 2019

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3216 ISSN (Online)2225-0948

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