Roles of Agroforesty on Climate Resilient Green Economy of Ethiopia: Review

Alefu Chinasho


Agriculture is the backbone of Ethiopian economy, which is both the cause for and the one at hardest hit to negative impacts of climate change. The country has annual greenhouse gas emission of 150 Mt CO 2 equivalents, of which 50 percent comes from agriculture sector. On the other hand, the real GDP growth of the country has been decreasing due to climate change. The county’s sustainable development goals will not be achieved without the achievement of Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) goals. Because, the aim of CRGE is to increase agricultural productivity, resilience to climate change, and reduce greenhouse gases emission, to become middle income country by 2025. Fortunately, agroforestry has the potentials to do this, even though little attention has been given to it. For instance, agroforestry enhances crop production by improving soil health, livestock production being as source of fodder, biodiversity conservation by having more biota than monoculture and habitat for wildlife, supplements staple food, fruits and hones are source of income, and reduces risks of climate change and other environmental problems. Keywords: Biodiversity, CRGE, Economy, Monoculture

DOI: 10.7176/JEES/9-4-03

Publication date: April 30th 2019

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