Introduction to Iran's Judicial System

Tahmineh Rahmani, Nader Mirzadeh Koohshahi


The function of the courts in the Iranian post-Islamic revolution constitutional law may be analyzed by reference to a number of different considerations of procedural reforms: the abolition of pre-revolution courts; the establishment of new courts such as the clerical and the revolutionary one; the matter of radical changes due to procedural criminal law aiming to "Islamicize" the judicial system; and the classes of situations in which court's jurisdiction may be raised. On the other hand, the introduction of Islamic decisive factors as the basis for judgments resulting in the obvious challenges to the international norms, the nature characteristics and effects of the remedies and sanctions they may award, and many other matters can be listed in the substantive evolutions. A comprehensive analysis would be unbearably wordy and recurring. However, a brief preliminary survey may help to provide a clearer image of the judiciary in Iran.

Keywords: Iran; Human Rights; Islam; Judiciary

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3240 ISSN (Online)2224-3259

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