Types of Leadership and the Customary Courts in the Papua’s Customary Communities

Hendrik Herman J. Krisifu


The community is viewed as the classess of the community orderly and immutably and has its own board and property either materiil or immateriil wealth. The concept of the customary communities generally in Indonesia as stipulated also applies in Papua’s community. There are 4 (four) types of leadership in the Papua’s Community System they are 1) Charismatic Male Leadership Type; 2) King Leadership Type ; 3) Chieftains/ Clan Leadership Type; and 4) Mixing Leadership Type. In terms of the customary court in Papua, the customary courts for the customary communities in Papua is influenced by the social, cultural and ecological factors. It is also affected the system of the leadership as mentioned previously. Curently, the customary communities in Papua is using the courts in resolving the disputes and it calles the court as “sidang adat” or “urusan adat”. It has already practiced the procedure of the disputes (customary) disputes through the consultation led by the elders of the community. The elders become the customary judge who appear and grow naturally.

Keywords: Leadership, Customary Court, Papua’s Customary Community

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3240 ISSN (Online)2224-3259

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