Land-Based Pollution of the Sea and Due Diligence Obligations

Akiko Takano


The purpose of this paper is to analyze whether States have an obligation to control land-based pollution into the sea under Articles 207 and 213 of the United Nations Conventions on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), with reference to the due diligence obligation developed in the two Advisory Opinions rendered by the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea and the recent Philippine v. China case. It is concluded that this obligation of due diligence could fill part of the gap left by the lack of implementation of Articles 207 and 213 of UNCLOS, which invite States to establish global and international rules to prevent, reduce and control pollution.

Keywords: law of the sea, land-based pollution, transboundary environmental harm, due diligence

Full Text: PDF
Download the IISTE publication guideline!

To list your conference here. Please contact the administrator of this platform.

Paper submission email:

ISSN (Paper)2224-3240 ISSN (Online)2224-3259

Please add our address "" into your email contact list.

This journal follows ISO 9001 management standard and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Copyright ©