Search For International Treaty Law on Coronavirus Vaccines/Cure and Chapter IV, IX and X of the UN Charter: Policy and Legal Appraisal

Livinus I. Nwokike


Treaty is one of the sources of international Law. A treaty is an agreement creating binding obligations between subjects of International Law. It has other words that have similar meaning with it; such as convention, protocol, accord, arrangement, understanding, compromise, regulation, provision, pact, charter, statute, act, covenant and so on. The coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) is a highly transmittable and pathogenic viral infection caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV-2). Coronaviruses are minute in size and contain a single stranded RNA as a nucleic material, size ranging from 26 to 32kbs in length. Recently, these viruses have hit the world caused and disrupted many countries political, social and economic programmes without specific vaccine and cure. Having this vaccine should require a law that would regulate its production, establishment, transportation and application at both municipal and international levels. Municipal law is the domestic law of a state regulating the conduct of individuals and legal entities within it while international law is the rules and principles that govern states in their relations interse. Coronavirus pandemic since existence have spread across the globe and therefore, require international treaty to back the administration of the vaccines to people. This paper seeks to examine international law to see if there is any possible treaty that made provision for pandemic like the coronavirus vaccines. It also examines Article 13 of the United Nations Charter to seeing the basis for the UN General Assembly; to find possible vaccine for this pandemic before they make humanity go into extinction. We made possible recommendations for how an offender under the likely treaty can be punished by universal jurisdiction and under the Rome Statute of International Criminal Court. Also, how China and United States of America can bury their hatchet and pass a treaty law on COVID-19 Vaccines under the United Nations.

Keywords: Search, International Treaty, Law, Coronavirus, Vaccines, Article 13 and UN Charter.

DOI: 10.7176/JLPG/107-02

Publication date:March 31st 2021

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3240 ISSN (Online)2224-3259

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