The Political Law of Commodification of Umrah Travel in Indonesia

Imron Rosyadi, Nur Syam, Sahid HM


Umrah is a very promising market in terms of economy. Umrah is not only used as a means of worship, but as a tourist trip, which is used as a commodity by travel businessmen. The change in the meaning of Umrah by business people has an impact on the shift in meaning in society. Umrah is used as a sign of lifestyle improvement. The Commodification of Umrah is part of the commodification of religion. In running the business of Umrah, religious leaders are often clashed with various forms of problems that lead to legal issues. This research uses a multidisciplinary approach that uses two branches of science in solving problems, this research is classified in cross-field studies, between law and religious sciences. This research focuses on the study of The Political Law of Commodification of Umrah Travel and Aspects in the Implementation of Umrah. The problem of commodification of Umrah can be raised after finding the visible impact during and or after the implementation of the activity. The impact of commodification is divided into two kinds, namely direct and indirect impacts. The dimensions of Umrah activities can be divided into two, namely religious and non-religious dimensions. The religious dimension is a very dominant dimension can be seen in the implementation of Umrah. Religion or worship is the reason for performing Umrah. The non-religious aspect is a secondary aspect but cannot be eliminated in the implementation of Umrah. Non-religious aspects are socio-cultural, economic, and political dimensions.

Keywords: commodification, travel, Umrah, legal politics, business

DOI: 10.7176/JLPG/108-06

Publication date: April 30th 2021

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3240 ISSN (Online)2224-3259

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