Africanacity of International Investment Law: A Reflection on Investment Agreements in Africa

Ally Possi


In recent times, we have been witnessing the re-making of international investment law (IIL) architect maiden from Africa. The reforms shift the IIL paradigm by establishing adequate policy space to the host state, reiterating state sovereignty and, significantly, introducing obligations imposed on the foreign investors. Alongside these reforms, Africans are persistently negating the speculative imbalanced international investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) system by suggesting local alternatives. These reforms can be traced to the Pan African Investment Code of 2016, which shapes the African IIL agenda. Thus, this monograph discusses Africa’s recent surge of reforms on IIL which transform the traditional regime. These commendable reforms give African states an opportunity to “regulate” IIL and guard their own interests. Yet the reforms are already showing some signs of incoherence, particularly on the binding nature of investment treaty models and on ISDS mechanisms, which may potentially negate the thrust of what this monograph dubs as the “Africanacity” of IIL.

Keywords: Africanacity, International Investment law, Investment Treaty Model, ISDS, RECs, Sub-regional.

DOI: 10.7176/JLPG/113-01

Publication date:September 30th 2021

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3240 ISSN (Online)2224-3259

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