Background; Birth asphyxia is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in neonates in developing countries, with an incidence of 100-250/1000 live births compared to 5-10/1000 live births in the developed world. It remains a significant cause of loss of life and adverse developmental outcome. Objective; To compare magnesium sulphate therapy versus placebo in control of fits among newborns admitted with birth asphyxia along with fits at a tertiary care hospital. Material and Methods; All the study (n=260) participants of either sex who met inclusion of this study were who are admitted with birth asphyxia. Group A was study group and was treated with magnesium sulfate in a dose of 250 mg/kg initially within six hours of birth followed by 250 mg/kg at 24 and 48 h of birth while group B (control group) was not given MgSO4 therapy and were observed for control of fits and was given standard treatment. Results; Of these 260 study cases, 139 (53.5 %) were male patients while 121 (46.5 %) were female patients. Mean age of our study cases was 3.84 ± 1.47 hours. Of these 260 study cases, 177 (68.1%) belonged to rural areas and 83 (31.9 %) belonged to urban areas. Of these 260 study cases, home delivery was noted in 91 (35.0%), 149 (57.3%) in private clinics / hospital and 20 (7.7%) in teaching hospital. Mean gestational age of our study cases was 38.23 ± 2.38 and preterm births were noted in 91 (35.0%) of our study cases. Of these 260 study cases, control of fits were noted in 173 (66.5%) while control of fits in group A were noted in 105 (80.8%) and in group B it was 68 (52.3%) (p = 0.000). Conclusion; Our study results support the use of Magnesium Sulphate in control of fits in children with birth asphyxia. Magnesium sulphate was safe, reliable and having no side effect so it can be used safely in these patients to reduce morbidity and mortality. All clinicians treating such patients can employ this treatment modality having safety and efficacy.

Keywords; Birth asphyxia, Control of fits, Magnesium Sulphate.

DOI: 10.7176/JMPB/54-20

Publication date: April 30th 2019

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