Genetic Local Differentiation of A.m.carnica Population as well as Subspecies A.m.macedonica, A.m.ligustica, A.m.mellifera, A.m.caucasica, in Germany, Alpine Region, Austria, Croatia, Serbia, Northern Kosovo, Albania and Macedonia

Manjola Kulici, Zyri Bajrami, Kristaq Kume


This Measurements of 11 traits of the right forewing of the Albanian native bee were made in this study. Using these traits, the relations between the Albanian bee population and populations belonging to subspecies A.m.carnica, A.m.ligustica, A.m.macedonica, A.m.mellifera and A.m.caucasica were evaluated. Based on these data, the analysis of the principal components and cluster analysis is made. According to them, it is found that the Albanian bee population can be classified in the group of the subspecies A.m.carnica. These analyzes highlight the existence of two distinct groups of subspecies A.m.carnica. The Albanian population is part of the group A.m.carnica breeding in Italy, Croatia and Serbia. During the last twenty years the Albanian bee population is differentiated more with A.m.carnica populations breeding in northern Italy and Croatia, and is much closer to the population of the subspecies A.m.carnica breeding in Serbia and A.m.macedonica.

Keywords: honey bee, morphometry, angle, cubital index

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3186 ISSN (Online)2225-0921

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