Incidence of Epistaxis in a Tertiary Hospital in Ghana

Awuah Peter, Amedofu Geoffery Kwabla, Duah Mohammed Isshalqd


Epistaxis is defined as bleeding from the nasal cavity. It is a very common Otorhinolaryngological  problem  that often presents as an emergency to the outpatient departments of most hospitals worldwide. Its true incidence is often very difficult to assess. This study was aimed at analyzing aetiology, treatment and management outcome of patients who presented with epistaxis at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital

(KATH),  Kumasi, Ghana. This is a three  year retrospective study (Jan2007-Dec 2010). All cases of epistaxis that presented at the  Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) clinic at  KATH) or referred from the polyclinics and the district hospitals were included. A total  number of 96 cases were seen with epistaxis over a period of three years. There were 63 (66%)males  and  33 (34%) females. Their ages ranged from 1-80 years. The commonest cause of epistaxis was idiopathic with 51 (53%) cases followed by nasal trauma with 11 (11.5%) cases and nasopharyngeal carcinoma 8 (8.3).This study supports the clinical usefulness of conservative management in the treatment of patients with epistaxis.

Key words: key words, Epistaxis, Nosebleed, Idiopathic, aetiology, incidence.

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3186 ISSN (Online)2225-0921

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