The Modular Concept of Gene

Zyri Bajrami


In each living system it is common for a vital process to happen or for a function to be carried out; as a consequence, a module is formed. It happens when it encounters a stimulus or a need arises, when it establishes an effectors responding to the stimulus or the need, and when the connection between them is possible from a memory structure. Gene itself is a module: the gene is a fragment of nucleic acids, which in a particular type of module, labeled as a genetic module, play the part of a memory structure. It happens only with the modules for functions to be performed according to the information, which is carried by the memory structures.

Moreover, it is revealed that under the definition of the gene based on the modular concept, the information, otherwise denoting that the genes are to be found with the royal throne of the current biological thought, is not the mere sequencing of the nucleic acids on the basis of which another molecule of nucleic acids is created, a string of peptides, etc., but that type of information inherent in every memory structure, as is the gene itself, according to which is realized each function of livings. Consequently, the amount of information in the living systems is measured on the basis of the probability of fulfillment of functions from the respective memory structures.

Keywords: gene, modules, memory structures, information

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