Pebble Morphometric Study of the Ogwashi-Asaba Formation at Ubakala and Environs in Southeastern Nigeria

Ogechukwu Caroline Onyemesili, Chukwuemeka Frank Raluchukwu Odumodu


Pebble morphometric study was carried out for the Ogwashi-Asaba Formation so as to understand its paleodepositional environment. The three axes; the long (l), the intermediate (i) and the short (s) were measured for the two sets of one hundred and forty (140) and one hundred and fifty (150) pebbles collected from two outcrops of the Ogwashi-Asaba Formation. Pebble form indices such as Maximum Projection Sphericity (MPSI), coefficient of flatness (FR %), elongation ratio (ER) and oblate-prolate (OP) index were computed from these measurements. Roundness was estimated using Sames image sets. The mean values of the pebble form indices ranges from 49.78 to 52.02 for coefficient of flatness (FR %). 0.71 to 0.73 for sphericity, 2.60 t0 3.53 for oblate-prolate index, and 0.66 to 0.69 for elongation ratio. The calculated indices are suggestive of fluvial sedimentation for the Ogwashi-Asaba Formation. Bivariate plots of coefficient of flatness (FR %) versus maximum projection sphericity index (MPSI) and plots of sphericity (MPSI) versus oblate-prolate index (OP) are also indicative of fluvial origin. Scatter plots of roundness versus elongation ratio shows that 100% of the pebbles are in a littoral field. Plots of bivariate parameters such as simple skewness versus simple standard deviation, and second moment skewness versus second moment standard deviation  suggests the Ogwashi-Asaba Formation as a product of the fluvial depositional processes.

Keywords: Niger Delta Basin, Ogwashi-Asaba Formation, Pebble morphometry, Pebble Form indices.

DOI: 10.7176/JNSR/9-6-06

Publication date:March 31st 2019

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3186 ISSN (Online)2225-0921

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