Effects of Different Level of Nitrogen Fertilizer Application on Growth, Yield, Quality and Storage Life of Onion (Allium cepa L.) at Jimma, South Western Ethiopia

Muluneh Bekele Etana


Onion (Allium cepa L.) is one of the most important vegetable crops produced in Ethiopia. Yield and productivity of the crop has been far below the regional and national standards owing to several factors; absence of location specific fertilizer recommendation being the major among others. In Ethiopia, post harvest loss of vegetables contributed up to 30% yield reduction. Thus, a field experiment was conducted at Jimma University College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine Research field during dry season to study the effects of Nitrogen fertilizer application on growth, yield, quality and storage life of irrigated onion under Jimma condition, South Western Ethiopia. The treatments consisted of four levels of Nitrogen (0, 50, 100 and 150 kg N ha-1) that laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. Data on growth, yield, bulb quality and storage life parameters were recorded and analyzed using GenStat 12.1 version computer soft ware packages. Results of the study revealed that; Nitrogen fertilizer applications had shown a highly significant effect on growth, yield and quality of onion. Similarly, the keeping qualities of the Onion bulbs are highly influenced by application of N at different levels. Excessive application of Nitrogen fertilizer caused higher bulb rots (%); bulb sprouts (%) and weight loss (%) during the three month storage time at ambient temperature. This can be recommended for use by potential onion investors or farmers in the study area.

Keywords: Growth, Nitrogen, Onion, Quality, Storage life, Yield.

DOI: 10.7176/JNSR/9-10-05

Publication date:May 31st 2019

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3186 ISSN (Online)2225-0921

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