Review on Diversity and Socio-Economic Contribution of Home Garden Agroforestryin Ethiopia

Tarekegn Deresse Beyene


Agroforestry is the major component of Ethiopian farming systems. Based on the components, the Home garden agroforestry practice is held to be more different due to the combination of annual and perennial crops, trees, and livestock, it has a crucial strategy in achieving sustainableforest conservation and agricultural land management that combines the production of food, wood, and livestock for rural livelihoods, harmonizing biodiversity, increase the stability of social-economic, cultural value and protect species provenance while sustaining the natural environment. On the other hand, it sequesters carbon and the home garden experience has multifunctional value in the country. The objective of the review first to assess the composition of species diversity and homegarden agroforestry contribution socioeconomic in Ethiopia and the second is to illustrate accessible prospect to improve the practice with advocate the dual purpose that is socioeconomic, environmentally and biodiversity conservation. The dominant species in various home gardens are economically viable as they have prevailed up to fulfill their demand. Women are more engaged than men for home garden activity which creates job opportunities and other social acceptance. There is also available indigenous and scientific knowledge that has to be managed and governed by concerned stakeholders. To improve sustainable home garden production system in the country, the government should have undertaken positive actions like agroforestry awareness creation, scale-up appropriate home garden components combination based on agroecological zone away in the country, provide support with good and multipurpose hybrid varieties, and formulate policy and strategy that encourage farmers to take home garden substitute as an alternative to secure food stability.

Keywords:Agroforestry, Biodiversity, Carbon sequestration, Home garden, Socioeconomic

DOI: 10.7176/JNSR/12-7-04

Publication date: April 30th 2021

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3186 ISSN (Online)2225-0921

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