Optimization of Pelagic Fishing Efforts in Muncar Area Indonesia

Ervina Wahyu Setyaningrum, Soemarno .


Marine fisheries production in Banyuwangi is dominated by the Muncar contribution, about 94,03% of total fishing effort production. The catch fishes were dominated by species of the pelagic fishes which are catched by the Purse seine, Gillnets, and Liftnets. This study was conducted to analyze the optimum amount of catching devices in sustainable fishing efforts biologically, technically, social and economically, and environmental friendly. A descriptive-analytic study involved the Multiple Goal Programming method with the objective constraints of covering aspects of ecology, biology, technical aspects, social and economic aspects. Data were collected with the survey method and direct observations in the field, involving 63 fisherman of Purseseine, 51 fishermen of Gillnet and 20 fishermen of Liftnet. Results showed that the sustainability scenario, technical scenario and social scenario recommends a reduction in the number of Purse seine as many as four units, while the Gillnet plus 5 units, and Liftnet plus 27 units. Economical profit scenario recommends a reduction in Purse seine as much as three units, the addition of Gillnet as many as 15 unit and the addition of Liftnet as much as 16 units. Besides the addition of a total fishing efforts, the things that need to be done is to expand the fishing ground and improvement of the fishing business through the continuous improvement of human resources competencies.

Keyword: fishing effort, pelagic fishes, Purse seine, Gill net, Lift net

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3186 ISSN (Online)2225-0921

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