Stephen Gill’s Novel the Coexistence Substantiates Religious Humanism

Saima Anwar Dhamyal, Muhammad Rizwan


The world is suffering in several miseries. Today, man is more insecure than the man of 200 years before. Modern weapons are more deadly than the weapons of the past. There have been working many philosophies since that time but the plight of modern man is not reduced. Another philosophy has tried to solve this issue. This philosophy is applied by the authors in this research paper on the literary works of Stephen Gill; it is Religious Humanism. This is a modern philosophy which has given the solutions of the contemporary problems of fanaticism, terrorism, dogmatism and intolerance among the people. People are people everywhere. We have worked on this philosophy and applied it on the literature written by Stephen Gill. Religious humanism gives human beings a critical thinking about the phenomena around him. It says that there is always a good natural reason behind every happening. It rejects any supernatural power involved in the affairs of man. Religious humanism challenges every form of the religious and political extremism. It focuses on the democracy. Stephen Gill elaborates this philosophy in his poems, novels, interviews and essays. Gill deals with the man as the citizen of the world. He wants a democratically elected world government. This research proves that religious humanism is the solution of the contemporary problems and Gill is a religious humanist who believes that only the religion of love, compassion and tolerance can make this world beautiful. Gill says that if religion becomes intolerant, it becomes dangerous.  The data is collected from different sources like internet, libraries, magazines and newspapers. This research paper enlightens the reader about the core issues of the world and the topics related to religious humanism.

Religious humanism,  the centre of Stephen Gill’s novel The Coexistence,  is largely a modern concept that presents solutions to  contemporary problems, concerning fanaticism, terrorism, dogmatism, minorities, and intolerance. Focusing on democracy, religious humanism challenges every form of creed and political


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