Identify and Rank the Factors Influencing Corruption and Designing Preventive Model Corruption Relying on Islamic Teachings (Nahj al-Balagha)

Mahdi Eslampanah


The purpose of this research is to identify and rank the factors influencing corruption and corruption deterrence model relying on the teachings of the Nahj al-Balagha. The research method used in mixed (qualitative-quantitative) of exploration. The qualitative methodology of qualitative content analysis methodology was used in religious teachings. In the quantitative analysis of hierarchical ranking of issues was discussed. The population of the book Nahj al-Balagha. To determine the sample size, sampling was targeted. The sample consisted of 30 specialists and experts were selected Seminary. Method of determining the themes and sub-themes using qualitative interviews with expert’s seminary and the book Nahj al-Balagha. Based on content analysis of 402 sub-themes to observing the semantics of the three levels of excellence, prevention and exposure (treatment) were extracted. Frequency sub-themes of excellence (% 17.7), prevention (%73.8) and exposure (% 8.5), respectively. According to overlap, themes and sub-themes tabloid was 40 and finally into 7 (Main Theme) were classified. The main sub-themes and determined using pairwise comparison matrix and hierarchical analysis technique was ranked AHP. Rating factors as levels of excellence, prevention and exposure (treatment) and the theme of moral and spiritual qualities (0.365), evaluating and controlling mechanisms (0.270), Companionship with people (0.134), selective-professional mechanisms (0.081), avoidance of the avarice (0.063), structural mechanism (0.060), and solving mechanisms (0.027). Finally the main topics was identified and ranked model was designed to deter corruption.

Keywords: design model, corruption, excellence, prevention, exposure.

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